The Story of ‘The Lonest Man in the World’ and Alienated in the Amazon Jungle

The Story of 'The Lonest Man in the World' and Alienated in the Amazon JungleA very rare video tape shows the activity of an estranged tribe member in Brazil dubbed the “loneliest man in the world”.

The 50-year-old man lives alone in the Amazon forest, Brazil, for 22 years, after all members of his tribe are reportedly killed.

The video – which was filmed from a distance and released by Funai, a Brazilian government – linked institution linked to indigenous peoples – shows a man cutting a tree using an ax.

The videotape has spread all over the world, but this man’s presence is not just to spoil the curiosity of the people who watch it.
Why was the man’s figure filmed?

The Funai Institute has been monitoring the man from a distance since 1996, and they need to show that he is alive to update the restrictive rules for outsiders who want to visit the territories he occupies, in Rondonia, which borders Bolivia.

The area – which covers about 4,000 hectares – is surrounded by fields run by private parties and the practice of deforestation has already occurred.

Given the tightening of the rules, it is expected to prevent anyone who wants to enter the area at once can jeopardize the existence of the man

The Brazilian Constitution specifically states that the inhabitants have rights over the land they live in.

“They must continue to prove that this person is still alive,” said Fiona Watson, head of research and advocacy agency Survival International, which is dedicated to protecting the rights of indigenous people.

“There is also political motivation to release the video,” he told the BBC. “The parliament (Brazil) is dominated by business groups: the Budget for Funai has been trimmed and there is a great threat to the rights of natives in Brazil.”

The existence of farmers who continue to grow in the area around the location of the alien tribe has claimed the area belongs to them, the agency Funai said.
What’s that guy like?

There is only a single piece of information about the man’s background, although he has been exposed in various research reports, media coverage and a book entitled The Last of the Tribe: The Epic Quest to Save a Lone Man in the Amazon by US journalist Monte Reel.

The man is classed as a person who never made contact with outsiders. That means no outsiders ever talked to him – as far as is known.

He is believed to be the only indigenous survivor after six tribal groups in the region were attacked by farmers in 1995.

The background of his tribe is never mentioned, and it is not known what language is used in everyday life.

For years, the media in Brazil dubbed him “the Hole Indians”, because he made a deep trench – possibly used to trap animals or hiding locations.

In the past, he also made hay cottages and handmade equipment, such as torches and arrows.
Why are these recordings rare?

There is only one picture of him, but the picture is blurry, which is there until now.

Foto itu diambil oleh seorang pembuat film yang bekerja sama dengan Funai dalam perjalanan untuk melakukan pemantauan dan diperlihatkan sangat singkat dalam film dokumenter Brasil pada 1998, Corumbiara.

Para aktivis mengatakan mereka senang – dan terkejut – melihat pria itu dalam kondisi sehat.

“Dia kondisinya sehat, masih melakukan aktivitasberburu, dan berkebun pepaya dan jagung,” kata Altair Algayer, koordinator regional Funai, kepada The Guardian.

Lembaga Funai memiliki kebijakan untuk menghindarkan kelompok-kelompok suku terasing itu dengan dunia luar.

Mereka juga menekankan bahwa pria itu tidak ingin melakukan kontak dengan orang luar. Hal itu pernah ditunjukkan dengan memanah orang-orang yang ingin menemuinya.

“Dia pernah mengalami kekerasan di masa lalu, dan dia menganggap dunia luar sebagai tempat yang sangat berbahaya,” kata Fiona Watson, yang telah mengunjungi daerah itu dan melihat perkampungan orang-orang itu.
Kenapa pria itu dalam bahaya besar?

Mayoritas orang-orang dari suku pria itu diperkirakan telah dibinasakan pada tahun 1970-an dan 80-an, setelah dibangun jalan raya di dekat lokasi mereka tinggal, yang menyebabkan peningkatan permintaan lahan demi tujuan bisnis.

Saat ini, para petani dan penebang liar masih menginginkan keberadaan tanah yang mereka tinggali.

Pria itu juga bakal menghadapi “pistoleros”, sebuah istilah yang merujuk pada senjata api yang digunakan oleh kelompok bersenjata yang disewa untuk kepentingan merebut tanah mereka.

Pada tahun 2009, perkampungan sementara yang didirikan oleh Funai digeledah oleh kelompok bersenjata. Mereka menyebarkan ancaman di lokasi itu.

Hutan Amazon Brasil adalah rumah bagi suku-suku terasing, menurut Survival International.

Kontak dengan dunia luar juga beresiko bagi mereka, yang dapat berakibat kematian akibat penularan virus atau bakteri dari dunia luar.

“Di satu sisi kita tidak perlu tahu segala hal tentang dia,” kata Watson mengomentari sosok pria itu.

“Tapi keberadaan dia adalah simbol dari apa yang hilang di sekitar kita, yaitu keragaman manusia yang luar biasa ini.”