The remains of the ancient big wall in the city of Kln were first unearthed a year ago in construction work for the new Protestant church center. The wall was soon recognized as the foundation of a building from the Roman era. Initially the researchers suspect, the wall is the rest of the ruins of the public meeting hall.
But archaeologists have found an “unusual piece, like a niche” on the wall, said the official preservation of the historic city of Kln, Marcus Trier.
After comparing the structure of findings with other ancient buildings, including the Roman city of Ephesus in Turkey which has a monumental library, it turns out the remains of the ruins in Koeln originated from libraries built around the 2nd century. In those days, Kln was under Roman rule.
The original building is thought to consist of two floors, with a size of about 20 times 9 meters – then still extended later. Marcus Trier said the researchers and scientists at that time had many options to read. And there are “several thousand scrolls (writings) that can be borrowed.”
The remains of the ancient library will now be integrated into the new church building. Roman relics are later accessible to visitors. Other parts will be retained for archaeological research materials.
The Kln town on the banks of the river Rhein is known worldwide for its magnificent Gothic Cathedral “Klner Dom” located in the city center. But Kln is also rich in Roman relics.
The Roman general was built
A Roman general established settlements in the region in 38 AD before naming the Ubiorum Ara. Several decades later, the city became the outpost of the Roman army and was given the status of the colony by Emperor Claudius.
Emperor Claudius also changed his name to Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium, abbreviated CCAA, as a tribute to his wife Agrippina who was born there.
Relics from the Roman period can still be seen in the city of Kln, from the great wall, the city gate, the above drainage system to the underground canal system. Now the historic sites of the city of Kln grew with the discovery of the remains of ancient Roman libraries.